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Saturday, December 21, 2013

Lyme Disease

Lyme Disease

Lyme Disease Resource

Working dog resource

Ehrlichia

Ehrlichia
 
Ehrlichia Infection

Canine Babesiosis

Canine Babesiosis

Babesiosis in dogs

DVM360 Article

CAPC Resource

MARVISTAVET Resource 

Anaplasmosis

Anaplasmosis 

VCA Resource on Anaplasmosis 

Geeky big wordy resource 

Even includes a pronunciation for the big word

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Basic intro to it

More info 

WebMD resource

Hepatozoonosis

Hepatozoonosis

What is that? 

Geeky everything you wanted to know about it stuff

Merck Resource


West Nile Virus

West Nile Virus:
 

Heartworm

Heartworm

WebMD Pets: Heartworms Facts and FAQ

American Heartworm Society

Surgical removal of heartworms (video, probably not for squeamish)

Marvistavet Heartworm resources

Video on heartworms

Kennel Cough, Bordatella, Tracheobronchitis

Kennel Cough, Bordatella, Tracheobronchitis (Its all the same thing)
 

Parvo Virus

Parvo Virus:
 

Parainfluenza

Parainfluenza:
 

Leptosporsis

Leptosporsis:
 

Hepatitis

Hepatitis:
 

Distemper

Distemper:
 

Pyometra

Pyometra
 

Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)

Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)
 

Granulomatous Meningoencephalomyelitis (GME)

Granulomatous Meningoencephalomyelitis (GME)

Vestibular Disease

Vestibular Disease
 

Cushings Disease

Cushings Disease (hyperadrenocorticism)

Good Resources

PetsMD Resource on Cushings 

Washington State College of Vet Medicine

FDA on treating Cushings 
 



Horner's Syndrome

Horner's Syndrome:

Addison's Disease

Addison's Disease (hypoadrenocorticism)

 

Saturday, May 18, 2013

Lumps, Bumps, and Moles - Oh My

Everyone has felt them... a bump or lump that wasn't there the last time you ruffled the fluff on your pup.  What is that????  Of course, if you are like everyone else, you immediately fear the worst.

Most lumps and bumps are benign (harmless), but it is a very good practice to give your pups a good feel all over to figure out where these lumps and bumps are, keep an eye on them for changes, growing, or bursting.

You should tell your vet about them at regular health check ups, and also tell them if there are any changes in them when those changes occur.

You should also tell your groomer about them so they don't cut them off accidentally and cause issues and pain.

Here are links to resources to determine whether your pup's lump, bump, or mole is something to be concerned about and be seen immediately.

General lumps and bumps overview with links

Lipoma (fatty tumors) 

Lipoma Marvistavet resource

Sebaceous cyst (great video)

Sebaceous Tumors/Cysts

Strange, scary lumps called viral papillomas or warts (great video and write up)

Adenomas and Lipomas (great video)

Viral Papillomas Marvistavet resource

Mammary Tumors

Lymph Node inflammation

Where the heck are the lymph nodes on my dog... read this

Need a video to find them... then click here

A good list of all of the various lumps and bumps... don't pick the worst and freak out, just go see your vet for a diagnosis, 9 times out of 10... it's just a bump.

Perianal Gland Lump: Lump near the rump?  Don't freak, have it looked at.  Remember, most are benign

More lump near the rump information from Marvistavet

Friday, April 19, 2013

Spine Issues

I can't believe that after going through spine surgery with Sam, that I don't have any spine information up here!  Eeesh!

Ok, I'm going to remedy that with a whole slew of reliable resources to find out about spine issues, how they are diagnosed, treated, etc.

Sam blew out his spine on Christmas day in 2006 simply by jumping up on his back legs and twisting wrong.  I blogged his recovery each day, so if you want to go searching in the archives for that, it's a day by day recovery freaking out fun fest.

If you should ever find yourself in that situation (and seriously, I hope you never do), here are resources to help you along... and feel free to join us on Facebook.  We can freak out together.

First off, a good article from Whole Dog Journal about actually recognizing spine issues.  It's not all about a paralyzed back end, there are tell tale ways to recognize that your dog may be developing arthritis or other ailments of the spine, simply by the way they walk.

Whole Dog Journal "Signs That Your Dog is Suffering From Spinal Problems".


Fibrocartilaginous Embolism (FCE)

Granulomatous Meningoencephalitis GME is actually a central nervous system/ brain disease, but it may present itself as a spine issue.

Urinary Incontinence - Could be a myriad of other issues (including urinary tract infection, bladder, infection, etc.) but once again, it may present itself as a spine issue

Intervertebral Disk Disease  (Hansen Type I Disk Disease and Hansen Type II Disk Disease) Great article on cause, what it is, how its treated, how to care for your dog, etc.  This is also the most common cause of back problems in Dachshunds.

Dodger's List is an excellent resource about Intervertebral Disk Disease, and geared toward Dachshunds, but can be used for all breeds!  Highly recommended!

Lumbrosacral Stenosis

Cervical Stenosis (aka: certival vertebral instability, cervical spondylopathy, or Wobbler Syndrome)

Spondylosis Deformans

Degenenerative Myelopathy

How to care for a dog with Degenerative Myelopathy (video)

Excellent blog that lists a LOAD of good resources for Degenerative Myelopathy

Paralysis resources

Handicapped Pets physical therapy information

Possible causes of sudden paralysis

Assist aids, carts, splints, and oodles and oodles of good information and support groups over at Handicapped Pets

Carts, braces, splints, and good, helpful and caring people over at Eddie's Wheels

Friday, March 01, 2013

Help When Times Are Tough

It's getting tough out there, not only for gimpy owners, but everyone.

We've recently updated our Help Organizations link, and included a great link to the Tripawds and their list of Help Organizations.

Here is a link to a new program that was started by a non-profit with the help of private industry to help ease the burden of people who have fallen on hard times and can't feed their pets.  Food Stamp programs don't allow users to purchase pet food or pet-related items.  Seeing the burden it was putting on pet owners, Pet Food Stamps was born.

Other than seeing a story about them on the news, I don't know anything else about this organization.  Send your questions to them, but if you use it, or know somebody that does, let us know and we'll see if we can't interview them to find out what it's like and how helpful they are.

Click below to find out more information and apply for assistance

Pet Food Stamps

Saturday, February 02, 2013

Conservative Management

What do you do if your dog is NOT a good candidate for surgery and suffers from a debilitating injury?

For some dog owners, they are faced with a very difficult decision.  Do they allow their dog to suffer with the pain of the injury, or put them to sleep?

Back in the "old" days, before technological advances, hip dysplasia was a death sentence.  Then came the various hip replacement surgeries... but once again, what if you dog wasn't a candidate?  Along came carts!

Blown ACL seems to be getting more and more common... ok, so maybe because it has happened to one of my dogs (the $15,500 Bionic Siberian Husky, Sam) I'm a bit hypersensitive to all of you who have wrote asking about the procedure, recovery, and prognosis.

But once again, what happens if for some reason, like epilepsy, or another condition, your dog couldn't have the repair performed.  Having blown out my own knee, I can tell you it is NOT a pleasant thing to walk on, so what are your alternatives?

Back in the "old" days, once again, you might have to make a very difficult decision... but thankfully new devices and help aids are out there to take the life ending decision away.

A friend and fellow blogger has gone through a double ACL tear in one dog, and now one in her Epi dog Gibson.

Conservative Management, in a nutshell, is dealing with something without surgery.  It is also called "Supportive Care".  Finding a way to ease the pain while still giving your Gimpy a pain free life is much easier now with the medical advances in splints, supports, and gadgets that are widely available.

Take a look at the FiveSibes™ blog at the cool brace that Gibson is using from WoundWear

This is not Gibson, just a dog modeling the brace
So, if faced with a painful injury that can't be fixed surgically, look around the Web or come and ask us.  There may be non-surgical ways to make your gimpy comfortable, and have quality of life despite a setback.


Sunday, November 04, 2012

Infections

Whether it is from a cut, puncture, or post-surgical complications, the risk of infection in a dog is compounded by their lack of understanding about keeping wounds clean.  No matter how careful you are to treat injuries, there is always the risk of your dog developing an infection.

Here are some of the more common infection issues, and resources to find out how to best treat them.

MRSA

MRSA stands for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. MRSA strains can also be carried without illness but develop into serious infections if they enter the skin. Most staph infections can be treated with commonly used antibiotics but MRSA infections are resistant to an antibiotic called methicillin and many other antibiotics.  (source: Animals and MRSA site).

Animals and MRSA site is a really informative site all about MRSA, treatments, what to expect, etc.

A really geeky medical term laden explanation

Vet Info on how to diagnose and test for MRSA

Dogs and MRSA, what you should know

Video on MRSA

Staph Infections

Good overall information on Staph Infections from PetMD

Vet Info on Staph Infections

Good information on Staph and other skin issues on the AESCA site

Saturday, August 18, 2012

How To Take A Dog's Temperature

A lot of people don't know what a dog's temperature is.  A lot of people assume that it's the same as a human, but it's not.

A healthy dog at rest will have a normal temperature of between 100.5 and 102.5.

Taking a dog's temperature is pretty basic, but can be a bit tricky if your dog is uncooperative.  It is best to have two people take a dog's temperature:  One to hold the front part and keep the dog distracted and the other to take the temperature.

There is only one way to do it, and that's rectally.

You should always keep the following items on hand, because you never know when you may need to take your dog's temperature:

A lubricant (small container of Vaseline Petroleum Jelly)
A digital rectal thermometer
treats

When choosing a thermometer, make sure that it is a RECTAL thermometer.  You want a quick read thermometer, but not one that reads too fast.  With technological advances, thermometers can read pretty fast, but you need one that takes into account that you are probably wrestling with a dog that doesn't want anything stuck up its butt, so take that into account.

You can buy rather inexpensive digital thermometers from your local drug store, such as the Nexcare Digital Flex.  Having a flexible thermometer is also to your advantage if you have a squirmy dog.

 We DO NOT recommend a regular old fashion glass thermometer!  

Glass thermometers not only take longer to register a temperature, but could break inside the dog's rectum causing all sorts of mayhem and freaking out, but also contain a tiny bit of mercury (in some cases) which only makes everything worse and more freaking out.

Once you have your dog thermometer and lubricant MARK THEM SO YOU KNOW THEY ARE FOR THE DOG!!!

We're pretty sure you don't want to stumble up to your medicine cabinet when you are sick and stuff a thermometer in your mouth only to discover... yep... mark them!


Now that you have the necessary items, simply dip the tip of the thermometer in the lubricant, have your friend hold or distract your dog, make sure the thermometer is ON, lift up the tail and gently insert into the rectum.


Don't shove or force it in, just gently glide it in.  You don't have to go all the way to the knuckle, just make sure the tip is in the rectum and wait for the beep of the thermometer.

Gently pull the thermometer out and read the temperature.

Taking your dog's temperature is vital if your dog is recovering from a surgical procedure to help you determine if there may be complications such as infection.  It will also keep you from totally freaking out if they aren't acting right, but even if the temperature is normal, please consult your vet anyway to rule out anything serious.  Having the ability to take your dog's temperature also helps your vet to determine how serious your dog's condition may be and whether a visit is needed the next day, or the next hour.

Please note that there are thermometers that read a dog's temperature from their inner ear.  We've taken a look at them and you really have to shove that thing deep into the ear canal to get an accurate reading.  Our biggest concern would be that most dogs like having something shoved in their ear even worse than having something shoved up their butt.  The danger would be a badly timed ear shake rupturing the ear drum or causing ear damage.

Friday, July 20, 2012

Assistance Harnesses Review

Whether you have a dog that is getting old, a "tripawd" from amputation, one that suffers from hip dysplasia, arthritis, spine issues, or balance issues, at some point you may be thinking of finding some way to help them get around and still enjoy life.

Not long ago, the only solution to most pet owners was the tried and true towel support method.  It was easy, cheap, and most everyone has a towel they can use to help support and provide mobility for their special needs dog.

Thanks to innovations on fabrics, straps, clasps, and a customer base that wanted a better solution to help their best friends move around and enjoy life, companies are now creating harnesses and support solutions that make it easier, more convenient, and more comfortable for dogs to enjoy their lives despite their disabilities.

But which harness is best and better yet, which harness is best for your dog?

Out of necessity, I will be reviewing two harnesses produced by Ruffwear Performance Dog Gear.  Although manufactured more toward allowing active dogs to participate in their owners' outdoor recreation and sport, these harnesses have proven to be beneficial in providing support and mobility to special needs dogs as well.

In my case, I needed a reliable, safe, and comfortable way to help my 11 year old Siberian Husky, Sam, navigate up and down stairs.  Sam is a medical mess.  Born with deformed hips, the right hip floats away from the socket in a natural Femoral Head Ostectomy (FHO).  At 9 months of age, Sam underwent a Total Hip Replacement (THR) of the left hip.  At 6 years of age, Sam ruptured the T13/L1 disc in his spine and underwent surgery to repair it.  At 8 years of age, Sam completely tore his left ACL.  I also need to mention that Sam is also lopsided, one side didn't grow as much as the other side.  Sam is a very expensive dog and well worth it.

Because of his past medical issues, Sam isn't able to jump up on the bed, is a little "loose" in the back end (imagine an 18 wheel truck turning the wheel very fast on ice) and his back end isn't as strong as it should be.  We live in a split level house, so going down the stairs for Sam means pretty much flinging himself down and bunny hopping along the way and hoping for the best.  Because of some missteps, Sam doesn't like going down the stairs... or up for that matter.

Sam in 2007 after his spine surgery
In the past, we used our walking belts to loop under him for support while he was recovering from his various and sundry surgeries.  This was a fantastic solution because the walking belt had a secure snap that made it easy to get it around him, was easier to hold than two ends of a towel, and are machine washable for those times when he would let the pee fly before we could get the belt out of the way.  You can find out more information on the walking belts we used here.

Although fantastic as a support when walking around the house or yard, it wouldn't provide the support or security of helping him go down the stairs.  One false step for either of us would be a disaster.

So, I turned to the Tripawds Website to see what they recommended.  This great group of people provide information, advice, and assistance to owners of animals who have undergone amputation and are ALWAYS a good, reputable, informative, and very friendly source of solutions.  I highly recommend them.

Tripawds has a few mobility devices listed, and I ordered the Ruffwear Web Master harness from them, and later the Ruffwear Double Back harness, which I purchased from Zappos, but is also available from Tripawds.

Ruff Wear Web Master Harness

Used by avalanche rescue teams, the harness is very lightweight and deceptively small looking.  One of the key features is that it is so secure, dogs can't back out of the harness and the manufacturer site even touts its secure design made especially for "Houdini dogs", which is the typical description of Siberian Huskies.


Even though I had measured Sam according to the sizing instructions on Tripawds, the harness didn't seem to fit right, there wasn't enough strap to go around his chest area.  I was slightly frustrated and e-mailed Tripawds to let them know that the harness didn't fit.  Apparently this is a common issues, because Rene from Tripawds quickly e-mailed me back with additional clarification on the straps.

Yeah, duh... I had mistakenly thought that the strap that was tucked into the padding was suppose to stay that way.


You simply pull the strap with folded flap (designed to keep it from coming out of the clip) through the padding and there is PLENTY of strap to go around him now.

Plenty of strap to adjust
There are 5 points on this harness to adjust to make comfortable.  Make sure you adjust the nicely padded breastplate to fit on the breastplate.  If not properly adjusted, your dog won't be able to lower its head without getting strangled.

Putting it on is pretty easy, just lift the right front leg, head through the neck part and strap them in (see the demonstration video provided by Tripawds).

Securing the body supports is as easy as a click with the secure and padded clips.

The extended harness pad helps keep that wayward fur from getting snagged in the snap
Here is Sam proudly wearing his Ruffwear Web Master harness.

yes, I know I need to wash and repaint my walls :)
My biggest concern about the harness was that for dogs with limited rear leg mobility, would the handle be far enough back to give them the back end support they needed.  I would definitely say that for paralyzed dogs, or dogs with extreme rear limb mobility, this would not be a harness for you.  The Get a Grip harness may be more what your dog needs.

The Web Master will allow you to help your dog up from a laying or sitting position with ease.  It has also proven very handy helping Sam go up and down the stairs at a more controlled speed safely.  The handle is very comfortable and sturdy and allows you to securely guide your dog down the stairs slowly and safely.

One thing about Sam that may or may not apply to your dog is that he refuses to eat, drink or poop while it's on.  I'm not sure if he doesn't like the pressure of the chest plate when he leans down to eat or take a drink, or if lowering his head causes uncomfortable pressure on his back.  He also has a rather unique method for pooping that requires him to actually balance on one front leg, and I think the underbelly straps either throw his balance off, or once again causes pressure on his spine.

Regardless, it is very fast easy to put on and take off, so generally I'll put it on him when he needs to go downstairs to go out, and take it off before he goes out the back door, then put it back on him when it's time to go back upstairs, then take it off again.

The first time he went down the stairs wearing it, he was pretty scared, and I felt bad for literally dragging him over the top of the stairs.  He also wasn't quite sure how to walk down the stairs with me helping.  Be prepared to be patient and train your pup with plenty of positive reinforcement and praise until they get use to it.  After only a few times going up and down the stairs with my help, he now actually waits at the top of the stairs for me to put the harness on, and the same thing going back up.

The harness has a d-ring at the top to attach a leash or dog seat belt strap to it, making it perfect for using on rides, walks or hikes, and as I stated before, the harnesses construction won't allow them to back out of the harness.  I have a specialty seatbelt system that I will need to see if this is functional with, but will work out a solution for that if not.

I give this harness two very big thumbs up for its design, construction, and ease of use.  Very simplistic, and yet very functional and helpful.

Ruffwear DoubleBack Harness

Because of my concerns about the Web Master not being far back enough to help dogs with limited rear leg mobility, I also purchased the Ruffwear DoubleBack Harness, which seemed to have some additional rear functionality that the Web Master harness did not.

DoubleBack Harness with back leg straps stored

This harness is made specifically for climbing and mountaineering with your dog.  Unlike the Web Master, the DoubleBack harness has a larger belly support strap, metal buckles instead of plastic snaps, and a back leg support system that folds and stores in a pouch at the back of the harness.

DoubleBack Harness with back leg straps out
Like the Web Master, it is pretty light and has a 5-point adjustment.  Unlike the Web Master all of the buckles are made of metal and it has a bit more padding.

Metal buckles instead of plastic snaps
It was a little more difficult getting Sam's front right leg through the leg strap because of the larger one piece underbelly strap.  It flopped and twisted around a bit and was a bit of a hassle dealing with it while trying to lift the neck strap over his head, but once on, the harness was very well fitting.

With enough treat bribery, Sam stood still and wagged his tail while I threaded the ends through the buckles and tightened them.  Not as easy or as quick as the snaps, but since this harness' function is to rappel down mountains with your dog connected to you, I can see where having secure buckles would be a bonus.

Sam wearing the DoubleBack with rear leg supports draped over his back
Sam seemed just at ease wearing this harness as he did the Web Master, so it is apparently comfortable for him.  You will notice that the general design is the exact same as the Web Master except for the more secure buckles and metal.  The handle is also a bit more padded on the DoubleBack.

Once again, the harness is designed for rappelling, so the back-end support is made for dogs without back end issues, and also where my love affair with the DoubleBack ended in its current design.

The back leg harness is designed to loop under the dog's legs.  I didn't EVEN try that on Sam, let alone try to lift up.  I can only imagine what possible damage I could do lifting him up with pressure on his hip sockets, especially with a stainless steel hip on one side and floating hip on the other.



I would not recommend using the back leg straps for dogs with dysplasia, or had hip replacement for fear that it would pop the ball out of the socket.   I would like to have seen a strap that went under the dog's belly toward the rear, and had even contemplated whether I could simply loop one of the straps underneath.  The problem with that is that the padding on that strap wasn't sufficient, the strap too thin, and that when lifted, the balance would be off to one side or the other.

Another issue is that when the leg straps are folded back into their zippered compartment on the rear, it creates a pretty large bulge that presses down on Sam's back.


He was perfectly comfortable and fine wearing it with the rear leg straps out, but when I folded the straps into the compartment, he showed visible discomfort because of the pressure on his back.

In my real world scenario of putting the harness on him to help him down the stairs, taking it off so he could do his business, then putting it back on again to help him upstairs, the buckles would mean taking much longer to get him in the harness and out of the harness, then back in and out of the harness.  Taking that much time to get Sam out to pee is too long, since he has some flow control issues when he REALLY needs to go out.  I'm guessing that before I got him all strapped in, he would have peed all over and not have to go out anymore.

So, overall, it is a fabulously designed harness for dogs that go rappelling and mountaineering with their owners, but not so fabulously designed for dogs with rear leg issues. 

Recommendation

I would highly recommend the Ruffwear Web Master harness for dogs with mobility issues, whether front or back end.  While not a full back-end support system, if your dog has hip or back leg issues and just needs support getting up, walking, or going up/down the stairs, this harness provides them with enough support to get around with your help.  Could also be used with a back support strap if needed, but handling two straps may be a bit problematic going down the stairs.

I also recommend purchasing your harness from the Tripawds gang to help support their great cause, and they won't laugh at you when you can't figure out how the straps work.

Saturday, April 14, 2012

Fleas

In my neck of the woods, its flea season once again!  Not only that, but I have a friend that just moved into a house with acreage that just found out the previous owners had feral everything on the acreage and their dogs are now being overwhelmed by ravenous fleas.

Because most of the United States had such a mild winter, there is little doubt that the flea population (and ticks) will be of epic proportions.  Cold winters will usually kill off a lot of the dormant fleas and ticks, but when the winters don't cooperate, we have to be extra vigilant to make sure our pets are safe from these annoying little... beasts.

The biggest thing that people have to get over is that their dogs have fleas.  I don't care if your dog lives in a hermetically sealed bubble, odds are its picked up fleas from somewhere, or you have carried them into your house.  Its nature, they're parasites, they'll hitch a ride on anything to get a meal, so don't be defensive if your vet asks if you have fleas because they'll just whip out a flea comb and show you that you do, especially if your dog is allergic to them.  Denying a possible flea allergy only prolongs a diagnosis, and puts your dog in danger of receiving treatment that may harm rather than help.

Another concept that you have to get out of your head is that fleas live on dogs... they don't.  Let me repeat that:  FLEAS DON'T LIVE ON DOGS.  You can bathe your dog until its fur falls off and still have fleas because fleas only jump on its 4-legged meal plate to eat, then jump off.  If you find 1 flea on your dog, that means there's 99 fleas in your environment (environment = house or yard).  Only 1% of fleas will be on your dog at any one time, that means the more fleas you find on your dog, the gazillion more are living happy lives in your house and yard.

Fleas lay about a gazillion eggs a day in your carpet, couch, bed, yard.  Every 10 days those eggs hatch and those fleas start laying eggs, so unless you get a handle on treating the environment really quick, you will be swarmed by fleas in no time.  Believe me, I've been there and done it.

So, how do you get rid of them?  There's a zillion ways to do it, but it all depends on how you want to do it.

Flea and tick preventative is readily available from your vet.  I will say that most stuff you can buy in grocery stores or pet stores is dubious and has a reputation for being not very pet friendly.  Flea collars are worthless, don't waste your money.  I'll let you Google flea collar poisonings (both pets and family members), and there are still claims about a certain grocery store available pet flea preventative product's toxicity (I just don't feel like getting sued, so I'm not naming it).  Just avoid them.

Get your flea and tick preventative from your vet.  Yes, I know is expensive, but the stuff that you get from the cut-rate places are dubious at best.  The reason they are cheaper is because they get them from countries that really don't give a rat's behind about copyrights, ingredients, or the safety of your pet... they are knock-offs at best, and criminal at worst.  They may look exactly the same as the product your vet sells, but I can assure you they aren't.

There are also flea shampoos and sprays that you can buy, but consult your vet especially about the sprays and ESPECIALLY if your pet is on medication.  You don't want to introduce anything to their system if it may react with medications, or if your pet as a weakened immune system, kidney or liver issues.  Remember, even if it says "organic" or "natural" pyrethrin is made from chrysanthemum, which is a plant... but long term use can allow the toxins to build up and that's not good.


There are chemical sprays that are approved for indoor and outdoor treatment of the environment.  Once again, follow the label instructions exactly so that you are using it correctly and lower the risk of contaminating or poisoning your dog.  Its my experience that the yard sprays will pretty much kill every insect in your yard whether you want it to or not, so if you are really attached to a yard insect... kiss it goodbye.

Another spray I've found that works really good and is safe for pets is from Wondercide The Evolv products work great, smell pretty good (although the cedar was a bit too strong for me) and kills fleas naturally.  You can use it straight on the pet, or in the carpet, fabrics.  They also have a yard spray, which I purchased, but then it got too cold to use it, so when I use it, I'll let you know how well that works.  Evolv can be purchased on Amazon as well as from Wondercide.


That pretty much covers how to use poison to kill fleas, but you may be asking yourself if there is a way to do it without creating a toxic dump in your house and yard... yes there is!

Once again, flea and tick preventative for your dog (such as Frontline, etc.) and treating your environment with regular household or natural products that affect the life cycle of fleas.

Even though this could be considered a toxic product, I've had great success with Raid Flea Carpet and Room Spray, and its safe to spray pet bedding and carpet with it (read the directions).  This isn't a bug bomb, its a carpet fog that you can spray on carpet, furniture, dog beds, human beds, etc.  It actually smells pretty good too, which is an added bonus.  Spray it on your carpet, between your mattresses, under beds, under couch cushions, everywhere a flea can and will hide.  Not only does it kill the adult fleas, but it destroys the flea eggs so they can't hatch.  Its easy to use, and typically every 10 days while you are treating a flea infestation, you simply go through the house and spray everything before going to bed, that way it has a chance to dry before anyone has a chance to walk around or sit in it.  Its a very light fog, so its not like everything is drenched, but like most products they advise you to allow it to dry before walking on it.




Borax!  Yep, the olde 20 mule team borax will help get rid of fleas by drying out the shells of the eggs.  Its not a quick solution, but it does help control the emergence of new fleas into the environment.  Simply sprinkle it into your carpets and rake it deep into the fibers.  When you vacuum, simple sprinkle more and rake again.

Vacuum a LOT.  Its possible to suck up as many of the little monsters as possible by vacuuming your carpets, beds, bedding, between the couch cushions, etc. as much as possible.  The important thing to remember is if you have a vacuum that uses bags, take the bag outside and spray it down with flea spray, but it into a garbage bag and tie it tight and put it into a garbage container with a lid.  If you have a bagless vacuum, dump the canister contents into a garbage bag and take it outside, spray it, put it in garbage container with a lid.  The fleas will just jump out out the bag, or out of your trash in your house and all of that vacuuming was for nothing.

For outside, use Diatomaceous Earth (also known as DE).  Get FOOD GRADE DE!!!! (The link is only to show you a resource for food grade DE and is not meant to compel you to buy it from that seller).

Sprinkle it around the yard and do the happy dance.  You can even feed it to your dog (consult your vet first).

Here is THE MOST IMPORTANT PART:

YOU HAVE TO TREAT YOUR ENVIRONMENT EVERY 10 DAYS FOR AT LEAST A MONTH!!!!

Most people treat once or twice and when they either don't get immediate results, or they seem to get rid of the pests for a week, then they come back they declare the treatments were a failure.  You have to make sure that you keep treating until every single egg is dead.  If you stop treating and some eggs remain viable, you will end up having the same problem in a week or two.  For really nasty infestations, treat for 2 months.

So, in a nutshell:  treating the environment is more important than treating your dog... but you have to treat all factors in order to win the war on fleas.  Treat for a month or two to ensure you have eradicated all eggs and pests.  Work with your vet to ensure your method of treatment will not have an adverse affect on your pet especially if they have medical conditions or suppressed immune systems.

Fleas can actually kill, pass disease, and cause skin conditions.  They are not to be treated lightly and must be addressed quickly to stop infestation.

Links to Flea related stuff:

Marvistavet resource

Pet WebMD resources

Flea contact dermatitis



Monday, February 06, 2012

Epilepsy Awareness Interview

One of the scariest illnesses around has to be epilepsy.  A nasty disorder that can lurk unknown for months, or years only to appear out of nowhere and scare the bejeezus out of everyone involved.

I am blessed to have never experienced this issue in any of my gimpy dogs, but I know a lot of people who do and have.  I don't envy them at all.  I've dealt with spine, knee, and hip issues.  I've dealt with blindness, cataracts, and a myriad of other gimpy issues, and would much rather deal with them again than have a dog with epilepsy.  Its not that I wouldn't deal with it... I just would rather deal with something I can see, treat, or help with... seeing one of my poor pups dealing with a seizure would break my heart, and its very hard for me to understand how the brave epi dog owners can handle it.

It is a great honor that I had an opportunity to interview Dorothy Wills-Raftery, author of the FiveSibes blog™ who recently wrote a children's book about her Siberian Husky, Gibson, and his battle with epilepsy.

Gimpy Dogs:  What is the biggest message the book will give to both kids and their parents?

Dorothy:  It is my hope that the message kids and parents get will be that it's okay to have a pet with epilepsy. Today there are medications, diets, and vitamin therapies that can help a dog live a good life, even as an Epi-Dog.  I also hope that it takes some fear away for children. They may have a pet of their own that has Canine Epilepsy, or even a family member, friend, or they themselves may epilepsy, so I hope this helps them know they are not alone. And there are real tips in the book, such as the bag of frozen peas... cooling a pet's body after a seizure is important and when Gibson had his first seizure I didn't have an ice pack in my freezer so I used a loaf of frozen Italian bread and bags of frozen of peas.  If a child sees their pet seizing and they remember to get a bag of frozen peas or a dish of water or even the vanilla ice cream ready, then they will feel they are helping, and that's important.

Gimpy Dogs: Even though its in a kid's version format, can a dog owner just starting out learning out Canine epilepsy learn from reading it?

Dorothy:  Yes, I believe so. The "Tale" is based on true facts from Gibson's seizures, so the things that Harley instructs the pups to do or she does herself are true.  She has them stay calm.  She has them get a first aid kit - every Epi-Dog household should have one.  Harley and the pups help steady Gibson and get him safely inside - a dog who has just had a seizure will be confused, disoriented, and even have temporary blindness, so they need some guidance and should not be left alone.  Harley jots notes in a journal and a journal is important to have to mark down seizure dates, time, length of seizure, meds, emergency vet numbers, etc.  Having ice packs or frozen peas on hand.  Water to drink.  And even the ice cream is fact for a few spoonsful of natural vanilla is good to help bring a dog who has just seized sugar levels back up. We always have a pint or half gallon of Breyer's All Natural Vanilla in our freezer just in case! 
Gimpy Dogs: What is the one thing in the book that a first time epi-dog owner may discover that is not commonly known?

Dorothy: In the book, I'd have to say first-time Epi-Dog parents may not know about the First Aid Kit.  In my blog I have a link to what is good to have in a First Aid Kit. The thing about Canine Epilepsy is that even a dog who is being successfully treated, there is always a chance a seizure could still occur. We pray it never will, but having the First Aid Kit keeps us prepared just in case. I'll be happy if it gathers ten inches of dust and never has to be used again, but I will always have it on hand.

Gimpy Dogs: You've talked in other interviews about how hard it is to just "let him live his life" without jumping at every little hiccup or snort, what helped you let go and just let him be a dog?

Dorothy: That was the best advice my vet gave me...but it's not always easy.  I always keep Gibson under watch and I am vigilant in timing his medications, vitamins, and meals and also opt to have his blood levels checked every six months (sooner if I think something may be off) rather than annually.  I think  the biggest thing that helped me adjust though is time. As each day turns into a week that turns into a month that turns into a year passed without a visit from the "seizure monster" is what really helps.  I let Gibson lead me.  If he is happy and talkative and is eating and playing with the others, then he makes me feel good and that's the key. When he has the days of stomach upset or is really lethargic, then I am on high alert. Having a baby monitor by his bed helps too!

Gimpy Dogs: What was the biggest resource, other than experience, that helped you learn more about epilepsy in dogs?

Dorothy: There are three.  First, a gal who I met via social networking when I posted a notice on MySpace explaining what was happening with Gibson.  She is a nurse with an Epi-Dog and she talked me through so much in the early days, including what to expect and side effects from the meds. I also have a wonderful - no, make that awesome - veterinarian team. They care so much about Gibson, all of my Huskies, and are open to discussing the best treatment for him. They are also pro-holistic treatments combined with medication. I like that. They do not believe in over-medicating a pet, and they just really work hard to keep him healthy. Then there are some valuable online resources (which are also listed in the blog link) including the Canine Epilepsy Resources, the center I will be donating a percentage of profits from the book to so they can keep up the great job of providing valuable information and resources to Epi-Dog parents worldwide.
Gimpy Dogs: Who would you recommend this book to, and for what reasons?

Dorothy: I'd recommend it for everyone! All ages of children as young children like to help and this book will help them to understand Canine Epilepsy so hopefully they won't be afraid if they see a seizure and they may even know what to do in the event one happens.  The story is also creatively illustrated by artist Michelle Littler.  She has created the Huskies so adorably that everyone can't help but smile when they see their expressions! It's a good book for teachers and parents to read to children and then hopefully have a discussion afterwards so it can be an important learning tool. I also think adults and pet owners will like it as well.  It's a book that will appeal to the child and pet lover in all of us, while also discussing the important topic of Canine Epilepsy Awareness.




The book "What's Wrong With Gibson" is available at ArcticHouse Publishing
If anyone is interested in purchasing the book, they may do so at the ArcticHouse Publishing website. Books can also be personalized, if a reader would like, just leave a message in the "comment" section of the order form. 

If you want to learn about canine epilepsy, want to teach a child about it, and help a worth cause at the same time, please consider ordering your copy!

Thank you Dorothy and the FiveSibes for helping others understand this invisible disorder that affects so many!

- Gimpy Dogs

Saturday, February 04, 2012

Orthopedic Issues

Dyslplasia is most often a genetic defect passed on from the parents or from somewhere along the dog's lineage.


Dysplasia can be very debilitating, and in the past was a death sentence to the dog that had it. Now, thanks to medical breakthroughs, hip replacement or other surgeries can be performed to provide the dog with pain-free movement, but those surgeries do come with a hefty price and a long recovery time.

Some common myths about dysplasia:


dysplasia is caused by arthritis.

FALSE: dysplasia often causes arthritis

It will go away or get better on its own.

FALSE: it will only get worse if not treated.

Dysplasia is a death sentence.

FALSE: it can be treated successfully through surgery.

Dysplasia only happens in the hips.

FALSE, elbows and other joints can by dysplasic.


Resources


Using Carts to help dogs with leg, hip, spine issues heal:



ACL





CCL





Elbow Dysplasia



FHO




Hip Dysplasia







Knee Injury




Legg-Calve-Perthes






Musculoskeletal System



Pain Management and Rehab



Patellar Luxation




Swimming Puppy Syndrome



Total Hip Replacement




TPLO





TTA






Wobbler Syndrome



Support Groups


Wobblers Syndrom Support Group



TPO Support Group



Hip Dysplasia Support Group


Cancer

Basal Cell Tumors and Basal Cell Carcinomas



Benign, Nonvirus-associated Papillomatous Lesions



Bladder Cancer



Brain Tumors



Hemangiosarcoma




Lymphoma



Mammary Carcinoma



Mast Cell Tumors



Melanoma (skin cancer)



Osteosarcoma




Perianal Adenomas






Skin Cancer



Squamous Cell Carcinomas



Support Groups



Eye Disorders

Issues with the eye can be as simple as a scratch on the cornea, or an underlying symptom of another disease. For instance, cataracts can be a sign of old age, but in younger dogs it could signal the onset of diabetes. There is also some speculation that Cushings disease may cause SARDS. Make sure that you not just treat the symptoms, but get to the bottom of what may be causing the issue.


As with other issues, if you have a specialist available to you after your vet's initial diagnosis, its best to get the opinion of a vet that specializes in that issue. Like most general practitioners, they see the more common problems and may not know the special tests or treatments available for eye issues. What could look like one thing to a general practitioner, may mean a totally different diagnosis and treatment to a specialist.


We also recommend teaching hospitals as an excellent resource. Its a common misconception that students treat the animals seen at teaching hospitals and that IS NOT THE CASE. In most cases, you'll be seen by top specialists at a lower cost than by seeing a specialist that has established their own practice. You will also have access to the state of the art facilities and diagnostic equipment found at teaching hospitals. Another benefit is that students will get to learn from your pet and go on to help others with the knowledge they've gained from your experience.


Blind Dogs Support Group



Cataracts





Cherry Eye





Chronic Immune Mediated Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (CIKS)



Chronic Superficial Keratitis (Pannus)





Corneal Dystrophy




Corneal Ulcers




Distichiasis




Dry Eye (Karatoconunctivitis sicca)




Ectropion




Entropion




Glaucoma






Horner’s Syndrome




Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS)




Lens Luxation




Pannus





Progressive Retinal Atropy (PRA)






Retinal Dysplasia





Runny Eyes



Sudden Acquired Retinal Degeneration syndrome (SARDs)




SARDS Support Group



Ulcerative Corneal Disease





Uveitis - Inflammation of the Eye


Sunday, January 22, 2012

Blogs With Gimpy Dogs

A lot of times people want to read about other people's experiences with a disability and also to see that other disabled dogs can live quite happily with that disability.

There are tricks and tips on these blogs to help others with their experiences, and so we've decided to include a listing of blogs that people may want to go read for themselves.

Sometimes the blogs are people starting out with a disabled dog, and your experience may help them as well.

Below is a listing of Blogs with Gimpy Dogs.  If you have a blog that you want listed, by all means, please either contact us (upper right hand side) or leave a comment with your blog URL and we'll list it here!

Blu on Wheels - dachshund with a recent back injury

My Dog Sam - Another wheelie pup's adventures


Friday, September 23, 2011

Kidney Issues - A Review

Its strange how sometimes things will come in groups.  A friend or someone on the mail list will ask a question about some obscure illness, and the next thing I know I have other people coming out of the woodwork asking or going through the same thing.

I like to take these clusters and refresh the blog to cover whatever topic happens to be "trending" and this month it seems to be kidney issues.  While typically an "old dog" issue, I wanted everyone to know that kidney issues aren't solely a price of old age, and can be sort of a ticking time bomb that takes you by surprise. 

Sometimes hereditary, sometimes caused by your pup eating something bad, or catching an illness, its good to know its signs so you can catch it early and start treatment.  I know a good amount of you out there have adopted dogs from rescues and shelters and have absolutely NO IDEA of your beloved pup's lineage, so there's no way of knowing if kidney issues run in the family or not.  Its also possible that a perfectly good lineage may throw out a kidney issue, so its very important to know what to look for.
 
Because of that, I want everyone to read up on kidney issues!

First off, start at Holly's House blog.  Khady Lynn is young (3-years old) from a reputable breeder with no real history of kidney issues, and yet she's been at the hospital receiving kidney therapy to stop and hopefully reverse an as yet unknown cause to kidney malfunction.  The symptoms were as benign as "lack of appetite" but her owner knew something was up and took her to the vet to find out what was going on. 

I wanted to throw in there for all people that free feed their pups and have more than one dog, you may want to rethink that setup for this reason:  Lack of appetite is generally a very tell-all symptom of something not being right.  If you have more than one dog and leave food out all the time, you can never really gauge who is eating what, and how much.  It may delay you noticing that one dog is off their feed.

I cannot say this enough times:  If you think something is wrong, have it checked out.  If your vet thinks you are over-protective and doesn't run the tests you want, insist on the tests or find another vet!  You never want to be in the position of "I wish I had..."  Better safe than sorry, better get it early than wait.  You know your pups better than the vet and if something is wrong, YOU KNOW IT.


So, visit the kidney resource page.

Read one pup's journey through kidney failure

On the Kidney resource page, there is an excellent support group of people who are going through, have gone through, and know what its like caring for a pup in renal failure.  I highly recommend them.