Friday, September 14, 2018

Welcome to Gimpy Dogs

Gimpydogs helps dog owners research information about their special needs dogs. It should not be used to diagnose symptoms, nor should it replace the directions of your vet. If your pet is sick, please see a vet and get a diagnosis, then come back and use gimpydogs to find information and support.

To find the information you are looking for, look through the list of medical issues (located to the right) and click on the link.

If you can't find what you are looking for, or are having issues navigating the site please contact the site owner (see the bar to the right for the link to contact the site owner)

Sunday, October 02, 2016

Yes, it IS really pumpkin

As a gimpy dog owner, you've probably been advised by your vet to feed your gimpy some canned pumpkin (NOT canned pumpkin pie mix) when a bit of gastro-intestinal upset occurs.

Whether it is diarrhea or constipation, pumpkin does the trick.  It's all in the fiber.  Any article you can Google on the interwebs (here's one) recommends feeding a small amount of 100% pumpkin to help with loose stools, gas, constipation.  Humans can also learn from this and save some money on all of the over-the-counter fiber "solutions" out there.

So, it wasn't a surprise when a recent Food and Wine article stated that all canned pumpkin was a lie, and everyone scrambled to repost and shriek "I KNEW IT!"... except the article is not true, and frankly I'm surprised the author and/or Food and Wine hasn't removed it yet, as clearly the author and the Food and Wine editors didn't spend any time doing research.

The reason for wanting to get to the truth is because it is important to the health and well-being of our dogs.  If real pumpkin isn't being used, then vets have also been duped and shouldn't be telling clients to use canned pumpkin.  If it isn't canned pumpkin, then are we feeding our dogs something that could end up harming them even more?

It took me a very simple post on the Libby's Facebook page to learn exactly what type of pumpkin they use... and it is a real pumpkin, but it's not the seasonal Jack-o-lantern variety.  Libby's uses the Dickinson pumpkin.

This is a Dickinson Pumpkin
These pumpkins are grown in Illinois.  Here is a link that explains where Libby's get their pumpkins.

From experience, I've purchased store-brand canned pumpkin and was taken aback by how much different it is from a can of Libby's pumpkin.  I've had dogs refuse to eat the store-brand "pumpkin" and frankly after tasting it myself, I can't blame them.  I've heard from people who tried a store-brand can of pumpkin and it didn't have the same wonderful healing properties as Libby's.  Do they add other types of squash in their product?  I don't know.

What I do know is that Libby's uses 100% Dickinson pumpkin in their canned pumpkin, so that's the brand I'll be using from now on to feed to my dogs and make my pies.

The biggest lesson here is that if you read something on the interwebs... don't just take someone's word for it.  Look into it first before believing it or spreading it around.  That includes what you are reading here.  Always be curious, careful, and diligent when it comes to reading anything.

Had I not asked Libby's and done a bit of research, I would have thrown away a very useful tool in dealing with dog stomach upset.

By the way: Libby's has not given me ANYTHING, nor do I expect anything other than for them to continue having high standards in the production of their canned pumpkin, and providing dog owners with a product they can trust... and I do trust that product.

Thursday, September 18, 2014

Incontinence - A Personal Experience

After trying to find a viable solution for an incontinent male Siberian Husky, I've come to the conclusion that all "mainstream" dog incontinence products are worthless.

These big businesses really need to get OUT of the mindset of "it will keep the urine from your furniture and carpeting" and INTO the mindset of "it will keep your dog dry so they won't get urine soaked and skin sores".  I realize that their sales come from people who can't be bothered to train their dogs properly, or want a quick fix to potty issues, but honestly, those people are more likely to dump their pets, than deal with the actual problem.  They need to cater to those of us who have gimpy dogs that may have incontinence issues, want our dogs to be comfortable, and not develop urine burned skin and sores!

This post will explain what we've tried.  What works and what doesn't work.  Your experience may vary.  Sam is pretty much immobile, which means we have to put diapers on while he's sitting, and we can't lay him on his back (which adds to the fun).

I've put the "What Does Work" at the top so you can easily see there are a variety of different solutions that actually work.  After that, I've posted some things we tried and didn't work (for us) so that you can see what we tried, and how it didn't meet the needs of our dog.

What Does Work?

We've found that shaving or trimming the groin area of fur helps keep the urine from soaking into the skin and causing sores.  It's easier to clean, and it's much easier to spread a diaper rash cream down there to help keep the urine from reaching the skin and healing irritated skin.  PLEASE NOTE: Zinc Oxide can make your dog sick if they lick it, so if you are using a zinc oxide cream, make sure they're wearing a diaper so they can't lick it.  I have yet to find anything that works as well to prevent rash and treat rash other than Zinc Oxide diaper rash creams, so just be careful.

So, keep the groin area clean and dry.  Find products that keep the urine from them when they're sleeping, and get ready to do a lot of washing (especially if you don't use disposable items).

Cleaning Solutions

No matter how diligent you are, accidents will happen, so you'll need something to clean your dog's fur and groin area.  "Dry" shampoos are fantastic, but the pet stores only peddle that frou-frou perfumey crap that is marketed toward making your dog smell nice, not necessarily cleaning them.

For areas they can't reach, we've used the "everything free" baby wipes that don't contain a lot of chemicals.  If your dog is still grooming (licking) you don't want to use things that may make them sick, so just be aware of ingredients, even in those all natural, no preservative wipes in the stores.

The best cleaning solution is one used by vets:

QuikClean Waterless Shampoo

Also available through most vet supply stores, it doesn't have a perfumey odor, it cleans VERY well, and it's safe for pets.  Highly recommend it.  It's pricey, but it works and a little bit goes a long way.

Covers (washable):

For the bed (Sam sleeps with us) we have a Mambe waterproof pet blanket.  I can't say enough about how great these are.  Washable, 100% waterproof, large enough for your dog to lay comfortably on.  Unfortunately they won't keep the urine from soaking your pet, but they make a great base unit for the other items.  The other con is that they take a LOOOONG time to dry in the dryer.  I admit that if the pup piddled in a small area, I would use the wand of our spotbot to spray cleaner, then suck it up well instead of washing the whole blanket.

Another highly recommended product (to either use to cover the Mambe, or by themselves) are the Pawsse Waterproof dog blankets.  Our source says that they wash and dry faster, and are amazing, they don't slip and slid around.

Another possible solution is the PetAmi fleecy Dog Blanket.

We use the Sofnit washable pads as the next layer of protection.  They absorb liquid, but once again they don't absorb it and provide a barrier to keep your dog dry (I don't think they make such a thing that is washable, but if you know of something, let me know).

We also use the EZWelp pads, which are amazing, very absorbent and soft.  We also use them on dog beds, and in spots in the house where our other dogs "sympathy" pee.  If you have more than one dog and one is disabled, you may find that your other dogs get the idea that if HE can pee in the house, so can they.  Get ready for that fun.

Your dog (like Sam) may not like laying on top of all of those pee pads, so we just use them for his back end, where all of the fluids come from.

Covers (Disposable)

For temporary sitting places we cover the bed or floor with the cheaper dog pee pads.  You can get 100 of them at Costco pretty cheap. also has very cost effective pee pads here

We also use them to help clean Sam up as they are pretty absorbent and soak up a lot of urine in places that are hard to reach (creases of the leg, etc.) and you can also place them in front of the penis to catch more urine because when you clean using the moist towelettes, they tend to stimulate more pee, causing more clean up.

We also recommend McKesson disposable pads. They absorb more of the fluid, but once again, it won't totally keep your pet dry, but are very absorbable and can be used to wipe off your pet and soak up heavy "spills".

Pads will only do so much, so diapers and belly bands are the way to go to make sure the urine doesn't get on their skin (or at least contained to a small part of skin).  

Belly Bands (Disposable)

We've learned that some of the best absorbable and disposable belly bands are adult incontinence briefs or baby diapers.

Incontinence Briefs

We've been using the Tena Super Briefs for times when there is the most urinating (at night, or when we're away at work).  They're very soft and absorb a LOT of liquid for night time accidents.  We do cut off the wings, especially the tabs because they're kinda harsh and may irritate the skin.  You can cut off two of the little velcro-like tabs to secure them, and we hold them on with the EZ Welp Belly bands (see farther down).

Briefs used as belly bands with an external belly band to hold it on work well, and you don't have to buy the name brand ones for good absorbency.  Your pharmacy brand incontinence briefs will work just fine.

Baby Diapers

Baby diapers are GREAT for belly bands if you know how to modify them to fit.  If you have a small dog, you can probably just wrap it around them like a normal belly band and attach the velcro tabs to the other side.  If you have a larger dog, you can still use them with just a pair of scissors.

Here is a great website that will show you how to cut a baby diaper and fashion a belly band without any sewing: Click here for the site.

Actual dog belly bands cost about 84 cents per belly band.  Baby diapers cost about 47 cents per diaper (for name-brand Pampers, you can probably find even cheaper generics that work just as well).  Baby diapers are manufactured to keep the urine from the baby's skin, which is exactly what you also need for your pup.  I use Pampers Cruisers because they come in the larger size 7 and they work very well.

Belly Bands (Washable)

If you are dealing with only urinary incontinence, then I highly recommend the EZWelp belly bands.  These are PERFECT!!!

They are made from the exact same material as the EZWelp pee pads, so they are super absorbent, super lightweight, and comfortable.  I also love that the velcro is sewn up and down instead of just at the ends.  This gives you the ability to fit them tighter or looser.  Remember, the brown side goes toward the dog.  You can attach an incontinence pad inside them, so if there's some leakage outside of that pad, the EZWelp material will absorb it.  They can also be used as an additional wrap to make sure the disposable incontinence brief or baby diaper stays on, and will catch anything those leak out (if anything).

The EZWelp products are available on Amazon for quick delivery!

Things That Didn't Work

Male dogs are different.  Different sizes, different penis placement, different everything.  Belly bands do NOT work for male dogs whose penis is located back between their legs.  Don't waste your money on them if your dog's penis is closer to between their legs.

Dog diapers are geared more toward female dogs.  They are not long enough on the belly for male dogs, and absorbent padding is located more toward the back, and the tail holes are too small.  I understand that they are trying to keep all solids and fluids from leaking out, but when you try to cram a fluffy husky tail through a tiny hole with an elastic band around it... not comfortable for the dog at all. 

ENOUGH of the elastic band crap!  I get the concept that you want it snug, but the elastic is always too tight, so you risk shutting off blood flow, or irritating their skin (which is already irritated enough already).  Make the diaper wider and adjustable at the body wrap area so that it snugs up on the legs, don't throw elastic in there!

Sizing.  Don't believe the sizing.  Go bigger.  The Large that fits a dog that weighs 35-55lbs... doesn't.  No way, no how.  It's as if the manufacturer took a baby diaper and cut a tail hole in it, it doesn't fit.  Not long enough for a male dog, won't wrap around in the front, and the lame attachment semi-velcro thing... worthless.  

Sam weighs 40lbs, and has a 27 inch waist.  We bought large (because it claims to fit dogs 35-55lbs).  It doesn't.  I'll be honest, we haven't wasted our money getting the XLarge size because I doubt it would work either.
  • Not wide enough.  The back doesn't come anywhere near the bottom part so you can't attach the two sides together.
  • The "velcro" is worthless, pops off easily.
  • Elastic legs cut into the dog if you try to stretch them out.
  • Bottom part doesn't go to mid-dog, therefore a male dog will simply peek out from the edge and pee everywhere.
  • Padding is more toward the back, so even if the penis is contained, it's in a non-absorbent part of the diaper and worthless.
The washable version has the same issues, although it does fit Sam, it's not long enough on the belly.  You also need to use some kind of absorbable pad to catch the pee, because the inside lining couldn't absorb a sneeze.  The elastic is very binding as well.

Will do in a pinch, but use an incontinence pad (cheaper to buy the human variety than the kind Top Paw sells)

Pee Pads

Once again, these are marketed toward potty training, or dogs that may piddle in the house, they are not created to use to lay your dog on so that the urine is absorbed and keep your pet dry.  I find them useful to use to cover dogs beds that they may be laying or sitting on for short periods of time to keep the steam cleaning and laundry down to a minimum.

If you are looking for something that will help absorb urine while they sleep (longer term time spent), then go with human-grade bed pads.  You can find cheaper ones on Amazon in bulk, but they still won't keep the urine from your dog's fur.  Disposable human-grade bed pads work better to absorb the urine, so using those in conjunction with the washable pads is a good practice.

Baby Diapers

If you have a small dog, then baby diapers are absolutely a good solution.    All you have to do is cut a hole for the tail and you're good to go. But if you have a dog that's over 35lbs... no.  They don't make baby diapers that big.  You can use them as a belly wrap in conjunction with a belly band to keep them on the dog, but they tend to migrate and slip around so you risk the padding on their back and nothing covering the penis.

Adult Incontinence Products

If you have a dog that likes to put on pants, then cut a hole for the tail and go with the underwear type of adult incontinence products, but be warned: the padding is for humans, therefore the most absorbent parts are not going to be where your dog emits urine, so you may have to supplement with the Adult Incontinence pads to be placed where your dog's penis is located.  So, you're buying expensive underwear and buying expensive pads to put into the expensive underwear, so waste of money.  Just buy a pair of regular underwear and put an incontinence pad in them.  Children's boy underwear with the penis flap work the best.  You'll put them on upside down and the penis flap turns into a tail flap!

In conclusion:  dry and clean.  Incontinence is a constant thing to deal with, but if you don't get a handle on it, your dog will develop sores, be miserable, and could develop infections and complications, so it's very important to make sure your dog is clean and dry at all times.

Wednesday, December 25, 2013

Exercise Induced Collapse (EIC)

Exercise Induced Collapse

Exercise Induced Collapse is caused by a gene in some Labrador Retrievers and is hereditary. 

Labs with the gene will suffer a back-end collapse after and during strenuous exercise.  The good news is that is doesn't get progressively worse with age, if the dog is calmed down and allowed to rest and relax, it will recover completely within minutes to an hour, and dogs with the gene can live normal, happy, healthy lives as long as their owners restrict their activities so a bout doesn't occur.

While it is disturbing to watch your very eager lab doing what they love to do best (retrieve things) and watch their back ends collapse as they try to drag themselves around (they have no clue that something is wrong), once you recognize that your dog may have the gene, and may suffer from EIC, preventing episodes is completely manageable.

It is important that if your dog does suffer a back-end collapse, or appears to be in distress after strenuous play, that you just don't assume it is EIC.  You will want to go to the vet and work with them to determine if it is EIC, or could be the cause of some other problem (such as a slipped disc, neurological issues, or illness).  Once you have received a diagnosis of EIC, work with your vet to determine the best course of action, and best level of exercise to give your pup the exercise they do need to maintain fitness and weight, and also keep them from having an EIC episode.

Article about EIC, how it was found, and what you can do to make your dog's life happy and healthy

DVM360 Article on EIC

Videos of dogs experiencing EIC

University of Minnesota Video

One person's experience with their lab and EIC

Saturday, December 21, 2013

Lyme Disease

Lyme Disease is an elusive tick-borne illness that is controversial not only in the pet world, but human world.  For years, people have complained of a variety of illnesses, chronic fatigue, joint pain, fevers, rashes, and neurological affects from tick-borne diseases that have been pretty much ignored or even downright scoffed at by the medical profession.

The old-school treatment of a round of antibiotics cures everything hasn't rid those with Lyme issues, despite what the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and other governmental agencies claim.  The tests used to detect it are insufficient, constantly inaccurate, and not a good indicator of the disease.

There are good tests for tick-borne diseases OTHER than Lyme, but the Lyme diagnosis continues to elude vets and physicians.  There isn't even consensus on whether Lyme is a disease all its own, or if there are variations of the Lyme disease, or even whether Lyme is a "thing" at all.

I don't have Lyme, none of my dogs have had it (although one did have Ehrlichiosis and was successfully treated with antibiotics, but that isn't Lyme), so I err on the side of those humans and animals that have suffered with the disease and know the pain and suffering it does cause.

What can you do?  If you find a tick on your dog, remove it immediately.  Here is a link to the CDC on how to remove a tick.  How to Remove a Tick.  Save the tick and have it sent in for testing to see if it is infected with Lyme or any other tick-borne disease.

Mark the spot on your dog and keep an eye out for a rash (the "bullseye" rash is NOT an indicator as once believed), lameness, pain, lethargy, lack of appetite.  If your dog isn't acting right, take them to the vet for testing.  Remember, the test isn't accurate, so if you believe that the negative test is wrong, FIGHT for treatment for your dog.  You are your dog's advocate, you speak for them.  Get them the treatment you feel is right.  Do your research (both human and canine treatments should be similar) and talk to your vet about what you think is right for your dog.  Get a second opinion from a specialist if you feel that your vet isn't listening to your concerns.

Working dog resource

PetMD Article on Lyme

Washington State University Article on Lyme

University of Rhode Island Tick identification chart

What's it like to live with Lyme Disease?  Please go read my friend Julie's blog about that very subject, and also learn about the treatments, research, and everything you ever need to know about human Lyme, that may help you if you ever find yourself in that situation, or any of your pets.


Ehrlichia Infection

Canine Babesiosis

Canine Babesiosis

Babesiosis in dogs

DVM360 Article

CAPC Resource




VCA Resource on Anaplasmosis 

Geeky big wordy resource 

Even includes a pronunciation for the big word

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Basic intro to it

More info 

WebMD resource



What is that? 

Geeky everything you wanted to know about it stuff

Merck Resource

West Nile Virus

West Nile Virus:



WebMD Pets: Heartworms Facts and FAQ

American Heartworm Society

Surgical removal of heartworms (video, probably not for squeamish)

Marvistavet Heartworm resources

Video on heartworms

Kennel Cough, Bordatella, Tracheobronchitis

Kennel Cough, Bordatella, Tracheobronchitis (Its all the same thing)

Parvo Virus

Parvo Virus:











Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)

Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)

Granulomatous Meningoencephalomyelitis (GME)

Granulomatous Meningoencephalomyelitis (GME)

Vestibular Disease

Vestibular Disease

Cushings Disease

Cushings Disease (hyperadrenocorticism)

Good Resources

PetsMD Resource on Cushings 

Washington State College of Vet Medicine

FDA on treating Cushings 

Compounding Pharmacy recommendation:
A member of our Facebook page highly recommends the following compounding pharmacy for obtaining lower cost Cushings medications:

Diamondback Drugs

Horner's Syndrome

Horner's Syndrome:

Addison's Disease

Addison's Disease (hypoadrenocorticism)


Saturday, May 18, 2013

Lumps, Bumps, and Moles - Oh My

Everyone has felt them... a bump or lump that wasn't there the last time you ruffled the fluff on your pup.  What is that????  Of course, if you are like everyone else, you immediately fear the worst.

Most lumps and bumps are benign (harmless), but it is a very good practice to give your pups a good feel all over to figure out where these lumps and bumps are, keep an eye on them for changes, growing, or bursting.

You should tell your vet about them at regular health check ups, and also tell them if there are any changes in them when those changes occur.

You should also tell your groomer about them so they don't cut them off accidentally and cause issues and pain.

Here are links to resources to determine whether your pup's lump, bump, or mole is something to be concerned about and be seen immediately.

General lumps and bumps overview with links

Lipoma (fatty tumors) 

Lipoma Marvistavet resource

Sebaceous cyst (great video)

Sebaceous Tumors/Cysts

Strange, scary lumps called viral papillomas or warts (great video and write up)

Adenomas and Lipomas (great video)

Viral Papillomas Marvistavet resource

Mammary Tumors

Lymph Node inflammation

Where the heck are the lymph nodes on my dog... read this

Need a video to find them... then click here

A good list of all of the various lumps and bumps... don't pick the worst and freak out, just go see your vet for a diagnosis, 9 times out of 10... it's just a bump.

Perianal Gland Lump: Lump near the rump?  Don't freak, have it looked at.  Remember, most are benign

More lump near the rump information from Marvistavet

Friday, April 19, 2013

Spine Issues

I can't believe that after going through spine surgery with Sam, that I don't have any spine information up here!  Eeesh!

Ok, I'm going to remedy that with a whole slew of reliable resources to find out about spine issues, how they are diagnosed, treated, etc.

Sam blew out his spine on Christmas day in 2006 simply by jumping up on his back legs and twisting wrong.  I blogged his recovery each day, so if you want to go searching in the archives for that, it's a day by day recovery freaking out fun fest.

If you should ever find yourself in that situation (and seriously, I hope you never do), here are resources to help you along... and feel free to join us on Facebook.  We can freak out together.

First off, a good article from Whole Dog Journal about actually recognizing spine issues.  It's not all about a paralyzed back end, there are tell tale ways to recognize that your dog may be developing arthritis or other ailments of the spine, simply by the way they walk.

Whole Dog Journal "Signs That Your Dog is Suffering From Spinal Problems".

Fibrocartilaginous Embolism (FCE)

Granulomatous Meningoencephalitis GME is actually a central nervous system/ brain disease, but it may present itself as a spine issue.

Urinary Incontinence - Could be a myriad of other issues (including urinary tract infection, bladder, infection, etc.) but once again, it may present itself as a spine issue

Intervertebral Disk Disease  (Hansen Type I Disk Disease and Hansen Type II Disk Disease) Great article on cause, what it is, how its treated, how to care for your dog, etc.  This is also the most common cause of back problems in Dachshunds.

Dodger's List is an excellent resource about Intervertebral Disk Disease, and geared toward Dachshunds, but can be used for all breeds!  Highly recommended!

Lumbrosacral Stenosis

Cervical Stenosis (aka: certival vertebral instability, cervical spondylopathy, or Wobbler Syndrome)

Spondylosis Deformans

Degenenerative Myelopathy

How to care for a dog with Degenerative Myelopathy (video)

Excellent blog that lists a LOAD of good resources for Degenerative Myelopathy

Paralysis resources

Handicapped Pets physical therapy information

Possible causes of sudden paralysis

Assist aids, carts, splints, and oodles and oodles of good information and support groups over at Handicapped Pets

Carts, braces, splints, and good, helpful and caring people over at Eddie's Wheels

Friday, March 01, 2013

Help When Times Are Tough

It's getting tough out there, not only for gimpy owners, but everyone.

We've recently updated our Help Organizations link, and included a great link to the Tripawds and their list of Help Organizations.

Here is a link to a new program that was started by a non-profit with the help of private industry to help ease the burden of people who have fallen on hard times and can't feed their pets.  Food Stamp programs don't allow users to purchase pet food or pet-related items.  Seeing the burden it was putting on pet owners, Pet Food Stamps was born.

Other than seeing a story about them on the news, I don't know anything else about this organization.  Send your questions to them, but if you use it, or know somebody that does, let us know and we'll see if we can't interview them to find out what it's like and how helpful they are.

Click below to find out more information and apply for assistance

Pet Food Stamps

Saturday, February 02, 2013

Conservative Management

What do you do if your dog is NOT a good candidate for surgery and suffers from a debilitating injury?

For some dog owners, they are faced with a very difficult decision.  Do they allow their dog to suffer with the pain of the injury, or put them to sleep?

Back in the "old" days, before technological advances, hip dysplasia was a death sentence.  Then came the various hip replacement surgeries... but once again, what if you dog wasn't a candidate?  Along came carts!

Blown ACL seems to be getting more and more common... ok, so maybe because it has happened to one of my dogs (the $15,500 Bionic Siberian Husky, Sam) I'm a bit hypersensitive to all of you who have wrote asking about the procedure, recovery, and prognosis.

But once again, what happens if for some reason, like epilepsy, or another condition, your dog couldn't have the repair performed.  Having blown out my own knee, I can tell you it is NOT a pleasant thing to walk on, so what are your alternatives?

Back in the "old" days, once again, you might have to make a very difficult decision... but thankfully new devices and help aids are out there to take the life ending decision away.

A friend and fellow blogger has gone through a double ACL tear in one dog, and now one in her Epi dog Gibson.

Conservative Management, in a nutshell, is dealing with something without surgery.  It is also called "Supportive Care".  Finding a way to ease the pain while still giving your Gimpy a pain free life is much easier now with the medical advances in splints, supports, and gadgets that are widely available.

Take a look at the FiveSibes™ blog at the cool brace that Gibson is using from WoundWear

This is not Gibson, just a dog modeling the brace
So, if faced with a painful injury that can't be fixed surgically, look around the Web or come and ask us.  There may be non-surgical ways to make your gimpy comfortable, and have quality of life despite a setback.

Sunday, November 04, 2012


Whether it is from a cut, puncture, or post-surgical complications, the risk of infection in a dog is compounded by their lack of understanding about keeping wounds clean.  No matter how careful you are to treat injuries, there is always the risk of your dog developing an infection.

Here are some of the more common infection issues, and resources to find out how to best treat them.


MRSA stands for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. MRSA strains can also be carried without illness but develop into serious infections if they enter the skin. Most staph infections can be treated with commonly used antibiotics but MRSA infections are resistant to an antibiotic called methicillin and many other antibiotics.  (source: Animals and MRSA site).

Animals and MRSA site is a really informative site all about MRSA, treatments, what to expect, etc.

A really geeky medical term laden explanation

Vet Info on how to diagnose and test for MRSA

Dogs and MRSA, what you should know

Video on MRSA

Staph Infections

Good overall information on Staph Infections from PetMD

Vet Info on Staph Infections

Good information on Staph and other skin issues on the AESCA site

Saturday, August 18, 2012

How To Take A Dog's Temperature

A lot of people don't know what a dog's temperature is.  A lot of people assume that it's the same as a human, but it's not.

A healthy dog at rest will have a normal temperature of between 100.5 and 102.5.

Taking a dog's temperature is pretty basic, but can be a bit tricky if your dog is uncooperative.  It is best to have two people take a dog's temperature:  One to hold the front part and keep the dog distracted and the other to take the temperature.

There is only one way to do it, and that's rectally.

You should always keep the following items on hand, because you never know when you may need to take your dog's temperature:

A lubricant (small container of Vaseline Petroleum Jelly)
A digital rectal thermometer

When choosing a thermometer, make sure that it is a RECTAL thermometer.  You want a quick read thermometer, but not one that reads too fast.  With technological advances, thermometers can read pretty fast, but you need one that takes into account that you are probably wrestling with a dog that doesn't want anything stuck up its butt, so take that into account.

You can buy rather inexpensive digital thermometers from your local drug store, such as the Nexcare Digital Flex.  Having a flexible thermometer is also to your advantage if you have a squirmy dog.

 We DO NOT recommend a regular old fashion glass thermometer!  

Glass thermometers not only take longer to register a temperature, but could break inside the dog's rectum causing all sorts of mayhem and freaking out, but also contain a tiny bit of mercury (in some cases) which only makes everything worse and more freaking out.

Once you have your dog thermometer and lubricant MARK THEM SO YOU KNOW THEY ARE FOR THE DOG!!!

We're pretty sure you don't want to stumble up to your medicine cabinet when you are sick and stuff a thermometer in your mouth only to discover... yep... mark them!

Now that you have the necessary items, simply dip the tip of the thermometer in the lubricant, have your friend hold or distract your dog, make sure the thermometer is ON, lift up the tail and gently insert into the rectum.

Don't shove or force it in, just gently glide it in.  You don't have to go all the way to the knuckle, just make sure the tip is in the rectum and wait for the beep of the thermometer.

Gently pull the thermometer out and read the temperature.

Taking your dog's temperature is vital if your dog is recovering from a surgical procedure to help you determine if there may be complications such as infection.  It will also keep you from totally freaking out if they aren't acting right, but even if the temperature is normal, please consult your vet anyway to rule out anything serious.  Having the ability to take your dog's temperature also helps your vet to determine how serious your dog's condition may be and whether a visit is needed the next day, or the next hour.

Please note that there are thermometers that read a dog's temperature from their inner ear.  We've taken a look at them and you really have to shove that thing deep into the ear canal to get an accurate reading.  Our biggest concern would be that most dogs like having something shoved in their ear even worse than having something shoved up their butt.  The danger would be a badly timed ear shake rupturing the ear drum or causing ear damage.

Friday, July 20, 2012

Assistance Harnesses Review

Whether you have a dog that is getting old, a "tripawd" from amputation, one that suffers from hip dysplasia, arthritis, spine issues, or balance issues, at some point you may be thinking of finding some way to help them get around and still enjoy life.

Not long ago, the only solution to most pet owners was the tried and true towel support method.  It was easy, cheap, and most everyone has a towel they can use to help support and provide mobility for their special needs dog.

Thanks to innovations on fabrics, straps, clasps, and a customer base that wanted a better solution to help their best friends move around and enjoy life, companies are now creating harnesses and support solutions that make it easier, more convenient, and more comfortable for dogs to enjoy their lives despite their disabilities.

But which harness is best and better yet, which harness is best for your dog?

Out of necessity, I will be reviewing two harnesses produced by Ruffwear Performance Dog Gear.  Although manufactured more toward allowing active dogs to participate in their owners' outdoor recreation and sport, these harnesses have proven to be beneficial in providing support and mobility to special needs dogs as well.

In my case, I needed a reliable, safe, and comfortable way to help my 11 year old Siberian Husky, Sam, navigate up and down stairs.  Sam is a medical mess.  Born with deformed hips, the right hip floats away from the socket in a natural Femoral Head Ostectomy (FHO).  At 9 months of age, Sam underwent a Total Hip Replacement (THR) of the left hip.  At 6 years of age, Sam ruptured the T13/L1 disc in his spine and underwent surgery to repair it.  At 8 years of age, Sam completely tore his left ACL.  I also need to mention that Sam is also lopsided, one side didn't grow as much as the other side.  Sam is a very expensive dog and well worth it.

Because of his past medical issues, Sam isn't able to jump up on the bed, is a little "loose" in the back end (imagine an 18 wheel truck turning the wheel very fast on ice) and his back end isn't as strong as it should be.  We live in a split level house, so going down the stairs for Sam means pretty much flinging himself down and bunny hopping along the way and hoping for the best.  Because of some missteps, Sam doesn't like going down the stairs... or up for that matter.

Sam in 2007 after his spine surgery
In the past, we used our walking belts to loop under him for support while he was recovering from his various and sundry surgeries.  This was a fantastic solution because the walking belt had a secure snap that made it easy to get it around him, was easier to hold than two ends of a towel, and are machine washable for those times when he would let the pee fly before we could get the belt out of the way.  You can find out more information on the walking belts we used here.

Although fantastic as a support when walking around the house or yard, it wouldn't provide the support or security of helping him go down the stairs.  One false step for either of us would be a disaster.

So, I turned to the Tripawds Website to see what they recommended.  This great group of people provide information, advice, and assistance to owners of animals who have undergone amputation and are ALWAYS a good, reputable, informative, and very friendly source of solutions.  I highly recommend them.

Tripawds has a few mobility devices listed, and I ordered the Ruffwear Web Master harness from them, and later the Ruffwear Double Back harness, which I purchased from Zappos, but is also available from Tripawds.

Ruff Wear Web Master Harness

Used by avalanche rescue teams, the harness is very lightweight and deceptively small looking.  One of the key features is that it is so secure, dogs can't back out of the harness and the manufacturer site even touts its secure design made especially for "Houdini dogs", which is the typical description of Siberian Huskies.

Even though I had measured Sam according to the sizing instructions on Tripawds, the harness didn't seem to fit right, there wasn't enough strap to go around his chest area.  I was slightly frustrated and e-mailed Tripawds to let them know that the harness didn't fit.  Apparently this is a common issues, because Rene from Tripawds quickly e-mailed me back with additional clarification on the straps.

Yeah, duh... I had mistakenly thought that the strap that was tucked into the padding was suppose to stay that way.

You simply pull the strap with folded flap (designed to keep it from coming out of the clip) through the padding and there is PLENTY of strap to go around him now.

Plenty of strap to adjust
There are 5 points on this harness to adjust to make comfortable.  Make sure you adjust the nicely padded breastplate to fit on the breastplate.  If not properly adjusted, your dog won't be able to lower its head without getting strangled.

Putting it on is pretty easy, just lift the right front leg, head through the neck part and strap them in (see the demonstration video provided by Tripawds).

Securing the body supports is as easy as a click with the secure and padded clips.

The extended harness pad helps keep that wayward fur from getting snagged in the snap
Here is Sam proudly wearing his Ruffwear Web Master harness.

yes, I know I need to wash and repaint my walls :)
My biggest concern about the harness was that for dogs with limited rear leg mobility, would the handle be far enough back to give them the back end support they needed.  I would definitely say that for paralyzed dogs, or dogs with extreme rear limb mobility, this would not be a harness for you.  The Get a Grip harness may be more what your dog needs.

The Web Master will allow you to help your dog up from a laying or sitting position with ease.  It has also proven very handy helping Sam go up and down the stairs at a more controlled speed safely.  The handle is very comfortable and sturdy and allows you to securely guide your dog down the stairs slowly and safely.

One thing about Sam that may or may not apply to your dog is that he refuses to eat, drink or poop while it's on.  I'm not sure if he doesn't like the pressure of the chest plate when he leans down to eat or take a drink, or if lowering his head causes uncomfortable pressure on his back.  He also has a rather unique method for pooping that requires him to actually balance on one front leg, and I think the underbelly straps either throw his balance off, or once again causes pressure on his spine.

Regardless, it is very fast easy to put on and take off, so generally I'll put it on him when he needs to go downstairs to go out, and take it off before he goes out the back door, then put it back on him when it's time to go back upstairs, then take it off again.

The first time he went down the stairs wearing it, he was pretty scared, and I felt bad for literally dragging him over the top of the stairs.  He also wasn't quite sure how to walk down the stairs with me helping.  Be prepared to be patient and train your pup with plenty of positive reinforcement and praise until they get use to it.  After only a few times going up and down the stairs with my help, he now actually waits at the top of the stairs for me to put the harness on, and the same thing going back up.

The harness has a d-ring at the top to attach a leash or dog seat belt strap to it, making it perfect for using on rides, walks or hikes, and as I stated before, the harnesses construction won't allow them to back out of the harness.  I have a specialty seatbelt system that I will need to see if this is functional with, but will work out a solution for that if not.

I give this harness two very big thumbs up for its design, construction, and ease of use.  Very simplistic, and yet very functional and helpful.

Ruffwear DoubleBack Harness

Because of my concerns about the Web Master not being far back enough to help dogs with limited rear leg mobility, I also purchased the Ruffwear DoubleBack Harness, which seemed to have some additional rear functionality that the Web Master harness did not.

DoubleBack Harness with back leg straps stored

This harness is made specifically for climbing and mountaineering with your dog.  Unlike the Web Master, the DoubleBack harness has a larger belly support strap, metal buckles instead of plastic snaps, and a back leg support system that folds and stores in a pouch at the back of the harness.

DoubleBack Harness with back leg straps out
Like the Web Master, it is pretty light and has a 5-point adjustment.  Unlike the Web Master all of the buckles are made of metal and it has a bit more padding.

Metal buckles instead of plastic snaps
It was a little more difficult getting Sam's front right leg through the leg strap because of the larger one piece underbelly strap.  It flopped and twisted around a bit and was a bit of a hassle dealing with it while trying to lift the neck strap over his head, but once on, the harness was very well fitting.

With enough treat bribery, Sam stood still and wagged his tail while I threaded the ends through the buckles and tightened them.  Not as easy or as quick as the snaps, but since this harness' function is to rappel down mountains with your dog connected to you, I can see where having secure buckles would be a bonus.

Sam wearing the DoubleBack with rear leg supports draped over his back
Sam seemed just at ease wearing this harness as he did the Web Master, so it is apparently comfortable for him.  You will notice that the general design is the exact same as the Web Master except for the more secure buckles and metal.  The handle is also a bit more padded on the DoubleBack.

Once again, the harness is designed for rappelling, so the back-end support is made for dogs without back end issues, and also where my love affair with the DoubleBack ended in its current design.

The back leg harness is designed to loop under the dog's legs.  I didn't EVEN try that on Sam, let alone try to lift up.  I can only imagine what possible damage I could do lifting him up with pressure on his hip sockets, especially with a stainless steel hip on one side and floating hip on the other.

I would not recommend using the back leg straps for dogs with dysplasia, or had hip replacement for fear that it would pop the ball out of the socket.   I would like to have seen a strap that went under the dog's belly toward the rear, and had even contemplated whether I could simply loop one of the straps underneath.  The problem with that is that the padding on that strap wasn't sufficient, the strap too thin, and that when lifted, the balance would be off to one side or the other.

Another issue is that when the leg straps are folded back into their zippered compartment on the rear, it creates a pretty large bulge that presses down on Sam's back.

He was perfectly comfortable and fine wearing it with the rear leg straps out, but when I folded the straps into the compartment, he showed visible discomfort because of the pressure on his back.

In my real world scenario of putting the harness on him to help him down the stairs, taking it off so he could do his business, then putting it back on again to help him upstairs, the buckles would mean taking much longer to get him in the harness and out of the harness, then back in and out of the harness.  Taking that much time to get Sam out to pee is too long, since he has some flow control issues when he REALLY needs to go out.  I'm guessing that before I got him all strapped in, he would have peed all over and not have to go out anymore.

So, overall, it is a fabulously designed harness for dogs that go rappelling and mountaineering with their owners, but not so fabulously designed for dogs with rear leg issues. 


I would highly recommend the Ruffwear Web Master harness for dogs with mobility issues, whether front or back end.  While not a full back-end support system, if your dog has hip or back leg issues and just needs support getting up, walking, or going up/down the stairs, this harness provides them with enough support to get around with your help.  Could also be used with a back support strap if needed, but handling two straps may be a bit problematic going down the stairs.

I also recommend purchasing your harness from the Tripawds gang to help support their great cause, and they won't laugh at you when you can't figure out how the straps work.

Saturday, April 14, 2012


In my neck of the woods, its flea season once again!  Not only that, but I have a friend that just moved into a house with acreage that just found out the previous owners had feral everything on the acreage and their dogs are now being overwhelmed by ravenous fleas.

Because most of the United States had such a mild winter, there is little doubt that the flea population (and ticks) will be of epic proportions.  Cold winters will usually kill off a lot of the dormant fleas and ticks, but when the winters don't cooperate, we have to be extra vigilant to make sure our pets are safe from these annoying little... beasts.

The biggest thing that people have to get over is that their dogs have fleas.  I don't care if your dog lives in a hermetically sealed bubble, odds are its picked up fleas from somewhere, or you have carried them into your house.  Its nature, they're parasites, they'll hitch a ride on anything to get a meal, so don't be defensive if your vet asks if you have fleas because they'll just whip out a flea comb and show you that you do, especially if your dog is allergic to them.  Denying a possible flea allergy only prolongs a diagnosis, and puts your dog in danger of receiving treatment that may harm rather than help.

Another concept that you have to get out of your head is that fleas live on dogs... they don't.  Let me repeat that:  FLEAS DON'T LIVE ON DOGS.  You can bathe your dog until its fur falls off and still have fleas because fleas only jump on its 4-legged meal plate to eat, then jump off.  If you find 1 flea on your dog, that means there's 99 fleas in your environment (environment = house or yard).  Only 1% of fleas will be on your dog at any one time, that means the more fleas you find on your dog, the gazillion more are living happy lives in your house and yard.

Fleas lay about a gazillion eggs a day in your carpet, couch, bed, yard.  Every 10 days those eggs hatch and those fleas start laying eggs, so unless you get a handle on treating the environment really quick, you will be swarmed by fleas in no time.  Believe me, I've been there and done it.

So, how do you get rid of them?  There's a zillion ways to do it, but it all depends on how you want to do it.

Flea and tick preventative is readily available from your vet.  I will say that most stuff you can buy in grocery stores or pet stores is dubious and has a reputation for being not very pet friendly.  Flea collars are worthless, don't waste your money.  I'll let you Google flea collar poisonings (both pets and family members), and there are still claims about a certain grocery store available pet flea preventative product's toxicity (I just don't feel like getting sued, so I'm not naming it).  Just avoid them.

Get your flea and tick preventative from your vet.  Yes, I know is expensive, but the stuff that you get from the cut-rate places are dubious at best.  The reason they are cheaper is because they get them from countries that really don't give a rat's behind about copyrights, ingredients, or the safety of your pet... they are knock-offs at best, and criminal at worst.  They may look exactly the same as the product your vet sells, but I can assure you they aren't.

There are also flea shampoos and sprays that you can buy, but consult your vet especially about the sprays and ESPECIALLY if your pet is on medication.  You don't want to introduce anything to their system if it may react with medications, or if your pet as a weakened immune system, kidney or liver issues.  Remember, even if it says "organic" or "natural" pyrethrin is made from chrysanthemum, which is a plant... but long term use can allow the toxins to build up and that's not good.

There are chemical sprays that are approved for indoor and outdoor treatment of the environment.  Once again, follow the label instructions exactly so that you are using it correctly and lower the risk of contaminating or poisoning your dog.  Its my experience that the yard sprays will pretty much kill every insect in your yard whether you want it to or not, so if you are really attached to a yard insect... kiss it goodbye.

Another spray I've found that works really good and is safe for pets is from Wondercide The Evolv products work great, smell pretty good (although the cedar was a bit too strong for me) and kills fleas naturally.  You can use it straight on the pet, or in the carpet, fabrics.  They also have a yard spray, which I purchased, but then it got too cold to use it, so when I use it, I'll let you know how well that works.  Evolv can be purchased on Amazon as well as from Wondercide.

That pretty much covers how to use poison to kill fleas, but you may be asking yourself if there is a way to do it without creating a toxic dump in your house and yard... yes there is!

Once again, flea and tick preventative for your dog (such as Frontline, etc.) and treating your environment with regular household or natural products that affect the life cycle of fleas.

Even though this could be considered a toxic product, I've had great success with Raid Flea Carpet and Room Spray, and its safe to spray pet bedding and carpet with it (read the directions).  This isn't a bug bomb, its a carpet fog that you can spray on carpet, furniture, dog beds, human beds, etc.  It actually smells pretty good too, which is an added bonus.  Spray it on your carpet, between your mattresses, under beds, under couch cushions, everywhere a flea can and will hide.  Not only does it kill the adult fleas, but it destroys the flea eggs so they can't hatch.  Its easy to use, and typically every 10 days while you are treating a flea infestation, you simply go through the house and spray everything before going to bed, that way it has a chance to dry before anyone has a chance to walk around or sit in it.  Its a very light fog, so its not like everything is drenched, but like most products they advise you to allow it to dry before walking on it.

Borax!  Yep, the olde 20 mule team borax will help get rid of fleas by drying out the shells of the eggs.  Its not a quick solution, but it does help control the emergence of new fleas into the environment.  Simply sprinkle it into your carpets and rake it deep into the fibers.  When you vacuum, simple sprinkle more and rake again.

Vacuum a LOT.  Its possible to suck up as many of the little monsters as possible by vacuuming your carpets, beds, bedding, between the couch cushions, etc. as much as possible.  The important thing to remember is if you have a vacuum that uses bags, take the bag outside and spray it down with flea spray, but it into a garbage bag and tie it tight and put it into a garbage container with a lid.  If you have a bagless vacuum, dump the canister contents into a garbage bag and take it outside, spray it, put it in garbage container with a lid.  The fleas will just jump out out the bag, or out of your trash in your house and all of that vacuuming was for nothing.

For outside, use Diatomaceous Earth (also known as DE).  Get FOOD GRADE DE!!!! (The link is only to show you a resource for food grade DE and is not meant to compel you to buy it from that seller).

Sprinkle it around the yard and do the happy dance.  You can even feed it to your dog (consult your vet first).



Most people treat once or twice and when they either don't get immediate results, or they seem to get rid of the pests for a week, then they come back they declare the treatments were a failure.  You have to make sure that you keep treating until every single egg is dead.  If you stop treating and some eggs remain viable, you will end up having the same problem in a week or two.  For really nasty infestations, treat for 2 months.

So, in a nutshell:  treating the environment is more important than treating your dog... but you have to treat all factors in order to win the war on fleas.  Treat for a month or two to ensure you have eradicated all eggs and pests.  Work with your vet to ensure your method of treatment will not have an adverse affect on your pet especially if they have medical conditions or suppressed immune systems.

Fleas can actually kill, pass disease, and cause skin conditions.  They are not to be treated lightly and must be addressed quickly to stop infestation.

Links to Flea related stuff:

Marvistavet resource

Pet WebMD resources

Flea contact dermatitis

Saturday, February 04, 2012

Orthopedic Issues

Dyslplasia is most often a genetic defect passed on from the parents or from somewhere along the dog's lineage.

Dysplasia can be very debilitating, and in the past was a death sentence to the dog that had it. Now, thanks to medical breakthroughs, hip replacement or other surgeries can be performed to provide the dog with pain-free movement, but those surgeries do come with a hefty price and a long recovery time.

Some common myths about dysplasia:

dysplasia is caused by arthritis.

FALSE: dysplasia often causes arthritis

It will go away or get better on its own.

FALSE: it will only get worse if not treated.

Dysplasia is a death sentence.

FALSE: it can be treated successfully through surgery.

Dysplasia only happens in the hips.

FALSE, elbows and other joints can by dysplasic.


Using Carts to help dogs with leg, hip, spine issues heal:



Elbow Dysplasia


Hip Dysplasia

Knee Injury


Musculoskeletal System

Pain Management and Rehab

Patellar Luxation

Swimming Puppy Syndrome

Total Hip Replacement



Wobbler Syndrome

Home rehabilitation instructions
Pretty good page that allows you to download free rehabilitation guide for certain orthopedic procedures

Support Groups

Wobblers Syndrom Support Group

TPO Support Group

Hip Dysplasia Support Group